L'apprendre chez l'enfant : un acte pédagogique ? : Contributions des approches clinique et psychanalytique

Abstract : Throughout my career as a teacher, I noticed an almost imperceptible but real decline in interest for the pedagogy. When I began my career, in the 70s, the notion of “dyslexia” appeared. Over the years, the vocabulary diversified bit by bit and the impact of the terms was reinforced continuously: « dyslexia », « dysphasia », « dyspraxia »… Today terms like this are part of the parents’ vocabulary to describe the difficulties of the child. As a result they stigmatize those learning difficulties into medical terms as “disorder” and “dysfunction”. Furthermore, the demands of some associations of parents with autistic children for a pedagogical coverage of these interrogate us about their conception which seems to us very remote from an ethical approach. All these descriptions motivated me to put forward the question if a pedagogical act is still possible in the original Lacanian sense.At the end of my thesis I postulate that there can’t be an other way of living pedagogy, than the way of living it by the act of offering and the event and the creation. Those three have to be based on a pedagogy of desire and encounter instead of a pedagogy of diagnoses and recommendations. A pedagogy of diagnoses and recommendations would end up in the implementation of evaluations which would lead to the conclusion of a no-ambiguity of language and this would take away the idea of interpretation.I end up my research by what seams fundamental to me concerning the child’s learning in the near future: the political effort of the transmission.
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Michèle Picchiotti. L'apprendre chez l'enfant : un acte pédagogique ? : Contributions des approches clinique et psychanalytique. Psychologie. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE2029⟩. ⟨tel-01275372⟩



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