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Déconstruction et reconstruction chez Michel Butor et Alain Robbe-Grillet : contribution du nouveau roman à l'imaginaire social des Trente glorieuses (1946-1975)

Abstract : The nouveau roman passed to posterity as one of the main examples of an intransitive moment of french literature. By destabilizing the narration and the plot, the spatio-temporal framework, the characters and the voices, the Nouveau Roman disputes the realistic referential mimesis and turns itself to formal aspects of novelistic creation. However, this is not a vain gesture: the so-called nouveaux romanciers claim a formalist deconstruction in the name of a “new realism”. The nouveau roman proposes the advent of an “age of suspicion” about the esthetical conventions and the representations disseminated by them. In addition to this, with the purpose of understanding this position, one must take into account its historical context, marked by the traumas of World War II as well as the requirements of the economic modernization, which deeply modifies French society from 1946 to 1975. Far from having annihilated the referentiality, the nouveau roman is in conflict with it, so that its deconstruction of the novel is a reconstruction, creating new–sometimes not so new?–forms, representations, ways to affirm the existence of man and society. Thus, the nouveau roman contributes to the social imaginary of its time. Through a reading of the Michel Butor’s and Alain Robbe-Grillet’s novels, this thesis will focus on this attempt by the nouveau roman to reinvent the literature and the world. Three axes will guide this work: the first concerns the representation of the fictional universe along with a discussion on the mimesis problem; the second, the poetics of characters and its relation to the question of personal identity; the third, the status of sociality in the novels, addressing the questions of the collective identity, the memory and the social uses of language.
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Gabriel Perugini. Déconstruction et reconstruction chez Michel Butor et Alain Robbe-Grillet : contribution du nouveau roman à l'imaginaire social des Trente glorieuses (1946-1975). Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III; Instituto de estudos brasileiros (São Paulo, Brésil), 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30036⟩. ⟨tel-01272568⟩

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