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La mise en œuvre, dans une chaîne de transmission optique, à haut débit, de filtres optiques à longueur d’onde centrale réglable

Abstract : This study relates to the field of optical transmission systems fibers and more particularly the impact of different filtering techniques (optical) on the performance of optical transmission systems (metro access). Reception, these systems have a narrow filter, which filters the signal without having to deal with the noise in the link. It is generally considered that the narrowness of the receiving filter is indispensable for the proper functioning of a link without repeaters, and the sensitivity of the link is even greater than the width of the filter is close to the theoretical limit that is the spectrum width of the transmitted signal. The use of such filters has constraints. Firstly, the filters have steep slopes, and are expensive. On the other hand, a shift of the wavelength of the emitter length is always possible, so that most of the receivers comprise receiving filters whose wavelength is locked to the wavelength of the transmitter. For a transmission system with wavelength multiplexing, wherein plural different wavelengths may be used, this allows to increase the capacity of information transmitted, but however poses real constraints such that crosstalk between channels. The channels are multiplexed in the same fiber and filtered upon receipt by an optical filter which is used both in the channels and demultiplexing a possible optical filter in the spectrum of the considered channel. The optical filter has variable parameters: shape, bandwidth, and center wavelength, then the channel will be filtered and analyzed by the receiver. It includes a photodiode followed by an electrical filter of the form of the filter function of order Bessel type 5. Quality information will be evaluated by the bit error rate BER.In this thesis we propose to analyze the impact of the fundamental parameters of the filters on the performance of an optical system.
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Sarah Benameur. La mise en œuvre, dans une chaîne de transmission optique, à haut débit, de filtres optiques à longueur d’onde centrale réglable. Optique / photonique. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0044⟩. ⟨tel-01272120⟩

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