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Theses

L'encadrement juridique de l'emploi de la contrainte exercée par la force publique en France et dans le monde

Abstract : "The guarantee of the rights of man and citizen requires a public force: this force is thus instituted for the advantage of all and not for the personal benefit of those to whom it is entrusted." This is the letter of Article 12 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 26 August 1789. The relationship that occurs between law enforcement and human rights presents an amphibological character. Indeed, the police is both the guarantor of human rights, but it is also a potential danger of infringement of civil liberties. Our study aims to question the way in which the police may be the guarantor of rights and freedoms.The state of social peace is generated by the public force that arises as the guarantor of rights and freedoms by exercising the monopoly of legitimate physical violence (Max WEBER). The exercise of the monopoly of legitimate physical coercion must seek to ensure the rights and freedoms of every human being living in society. To achieve this fundamental goal, it is necessary that the coercion is framed. It will be necessary to investigate possible violations of these rights and freedoms in a gradation examined in relation to the action of the police. In this regard, it is necessary to study the legal framework for the use of coercion made by the police in respect of individual freedoms, which concerns freedom of coming and going and the right to property. Then, we examine the potential damage of the police with regard to the person's integrity.
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François-Xavier Cornuot. L'encadrement juridique de l'emploi de la contrainte exercée par la force publique en France et dans le monde. Droit. Université de Strasbourg, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STRAA002⟩. ⟨tel-01271399⟩

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