Etude de la réactivité des dioxydes métalliques du groupe IVb en présence de carbone par une approche (micro)-structurale : Application à la modélisation des diagrammes de phases ternaires Me-C-O (où Me = Ti, Zr, Hf)

Abstract : During this work, the reactivity of group IVb dioxides (TiO2, ZrO2, HfO2) in contact with turbostractic carbon has been investigated in order to understand the reactional mechanisms of the carbothermal reduction. This way of synthesis has also allowed us to obtain oxycarbides phases in powder form to study the different stability domains of solids solutions with respect to the temperature of heat treatment. The addition of oxygen within the crystalline structure modifies the sintering behaviour of these materials and also their macroscopic properties. Consequently, the determination of solid solution boundaries requires an accurate methodology. A broad panoply of characterization techniques are coupled (Elemental analysis, XRD, Quantification of phases, TEM) to determine the compositions of oxycarbide phases. In order to complete this study, the reactivity of titanium carbide monoliths in contact with titanium dioxide has been studied during heat treatments of annealing under pressure in confined atmosphere. The identification of phases in equilibrium constitutes diagrammatic data which are necessary for the preliminary attempts of thermodynamic modeling of ternary phases diagrams Me-C-O (where Me = Ti, Zr, Hf) using the semi-empirical CALPHAD method.
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Florian Réjasse. Etude de la réactivité des dioxydes métalliques du groupe IVb en présence de carbone par une approche (micro)-structurale : Application à la modélisation des diagrammes de phases ternaires Me-C-O (où Me = Ti, Zr, Hf). Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0099⟩. ⟨tel-01271089⟩

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