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Etude des évolutions microstructurales sous irradiation de l'alliage d'aluminium 6061-T6

Abstract : The 6061-T6 Aluminium alloy, whose microstructure contains Al(Fe,Mn,Cr)Si dispersoids and hardening needle-shaped beta” precipitates (Mg, Si), has been chosen as the structural material for the core vessel of the Material Testing Jules Horowitz Nuclear Reactor. Because it will be submitted to high neutron fluxes at a temperature around 50°C, it is necessary to study microstructural evolutions induced by irradiation and especially the stability of the second phase particles. In this work, analytical studies by in-situ and ex-situ electron and ion irradiations have been performed, as well as a study under neutron irradiation. The precipitates characterization by Transmission Electron Microscopy demonstrates that Al(Fe,Mn,Cr)Si dispersoids are driven under irradiation towards their equilibrium configuration, consisting of a core/shell structure, enhanced by irradiation, with a (Fe, Mn) enriched core surrounded by a Cr-enriched shell. In contrast, the (Mg,Si) beta” precipitates are destabilized by irradiation. They dissolve under ion irradiation in favor of a new precipitation of (Mg,Si,Cu,Cr,Al) rich clusters resulting in an increase of the alloy’s hardness. beta’’ precipitates tend towards a transformation to cubic precipitates under neutron irradiation.
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Camille Flament. Etude des évolutions microstructurales sous irradiation de l'alliage d'aluminium 6061-T6. Matériaux. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAI074⟩. ⟨tel-01266849⟩

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