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Study of the speciation of Tc and its homologous Mn and Re in concentrated carbonate solution under γ and He2+ irradiation

Abstract : This project is one part of the fundamental study and deals with theoxidation/reduction reactions and speciation of technetium and its homologous manganese and rhenium in highly concentrated carbonate solutions under γ and He²⁺ irradiation. Firstly the electrochemistry experiment is carried out for the reduction of Mn(VII) in order to obtain the best experimental conditions. As the experiments are performed under irradiation, the carbonate radicals,which are produced by radiolysis, play an important role in the reactions. The formation and decay kinetics of the carbonate radicals in concentrated carbonate solutions were studied by electron picosecond pulse radiolysis. The reduction of Mn(VII) and the oxidation of Mn(II) experiments in carbonate solution ([CO₃²⁻] = 5 mol.l⁻¹) are carried out under γ and He²⁺ irradiation. By the obtained data from the produced H₂, UV-Vis spectra and the final structure determination, the mechanisms of the reaction are discussed. Re(III)is oxidized easily in concentrated carbonate solution under irradiation (γ and He²⁺) but Re(VII) cannot be reduced unless addition of formate in order to prevent carbonate radical formation. Also Tc(VII) cannot be reduced in concentrated carbonate solutions under irradiation (γ and He²⁺) without formate addition. The oxidation state of the final product of reduction of Tc(VII) was determined by XANES spectroscopy and is +IV. Moreover, the final structure of the product was determined by EXAFS spectroscopy. The mechanisms of reaction, decay and formation radiolytic yield of Tc and also the effect of concentration of carbonate on final product of reduction ofTc(VII) under irradiation are discussed.
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Mohammad Ghalei. Study of the speciation of Tc and its homologous Mn and Re in concentrated carbonate solution under γ and He2+ irradiation. Material chemistry. Ecole des Mines de Nantes, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015EMNA0226⟩. ⟨tel-01266061⟩

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