La circulation de l’information littéraire et scientifique en Europe entre 1710 et 1792, d’après les Nouvelles Littéraires du Journal des Savants

Abstract : Diverse, heterogeneous and over productive, the press was an essential player in the circulation of information during the Enlightenment. The Journal des Savants provided the press of the Ancien Régime with one of its most solid institutions, the first periodical of critical bibliography offering a precious resource for the intelligentsia. From 1710 until the beginning of 1792, the Nouvelles Littéraires occupied a singular place at the heart of the Journal, the editorial line of which it naturally followed. However, in order to thrive, it was forced to consolidate its identity through the consistency of its articles and through its flexibile response to the increasingly unwieldy publication.This study seeks to determine the physical and intellectual identity of the column, perceptible through its critical criteria and through its susceptibility to the dominant thinking which spanned the century. The importance accorded to different fields of knowledge will also be studied as this was part of the identity of the Nouvelles Littéraires, as will its sensitivity to the conflicts which split the intellectual establishment - not to mention society as a whole. Other fields also adopted an approach in which issues relating to intimacy and to ethics were no longer to be brushed aside, where the distinction between the private and public spheres was important and where science became a new religion. We will then examine the protagonists and the mechanisms involved in the circulation of information through institutional intermediaries as well as through geography (first European, then universal) based on exchanges that long animated la République des lettres. Finally, it is by observing how the Nouvelles Littéraires modified its initial intentions and shaped its identity that we see how the public established itself as one of the three main and constantly stretched areas that gave the column its coherence : power, the public and science.
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Françoise Chotard. La circulation de l’information littéraire et scientifique en Europe entre 1710 et 1792, d’après les Nouvelles Littéraires du Journal des Savants. Histoire. Université d'Orléans, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ORLE1139⟩. ⟨tel-01265444⟩

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