Cultes et identités en France au XVIIe siècle : étude des calendriers et des livres liturgiques

Abstract : Usually, the seventeenth century is considered as a time of romanisation of dioceses liturgy, following the model of Roman works that were reformed at the end of the 16th century by the pope Pie V (Roman breviary is printed in 1568). However, one has to come to the conclusion that each diocese keeps a certain margin especially concerning the conservation of particular uses if they had been in use for two hundred years, as scheduled by the bull Quod a Nobis.This study choses to show the consequences of the Roman reform on the identity and the worship of diocese through the prism of diocesan liturgic calendars and the books that contain them. Foremost, the chosen method consists in entering one hundred and thirty-five calendars, printed between 1570 and 1680 by seventy dioceses, in a data base and questionning them in series.More particularly, the calendars are the object in the early seventeenth century of deep reforms, in their structure as well as in their content. Hence, the Roman calendar and the saints services contained in the Breviary have not been adopted in the same way in all the dioceses of the French relm. It is then possible to build a cartography of the different degrees of adoption of the Roman model and identify spaces. In the same way, every diocese didn't mention as many particular uses as the others, especially in regard to the number of their own saints.Finally, these particular worships can be shared by several dioceses, defining new spaces of devotion to specific saints, on the French scale.
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Thomas d'Hour. Cultes et identités en France au XVIIe siècle : étude des calendriers et des livres liturgiques. Histoire. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CLF20012⟩. ⟨tel-01264539⟩



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