La bipolarité de la société serbe : héritage, essence ou illusion ? Les manifestations belgradoises 1991-2008

Abstract : Splitting of Yugoslavia, reforms of the social and economic systems, context of the transition from a bipolar to a multipolar world, at the beginning of the 1990’s, Serbia faces a global crisis. With the end of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, that’s the Yugoslavian identity which disappears. The Serbian intellectuals have then to tackle the task to (re)define the Serbian identity. Two ways emerge: the one of the nationalist intellectuals who promote a traditional vision and another one we could call “liberal” turned towards modernization. But, in these two models, it’s the same pattern which is applied: a bipolar analysis of the Serbian society which leads to think two opposite Serbian identities, opposed and irreconcilable. The thesis searches first the causes that may explain the birth and the impact of such a black and white speech.. If the bipolar outlook is not a prerogative of Serbia, this duality is here quite original: the opposition becomes strong enough to generate an almost ethnic entity known as “Druga Srbija” that we may translate by “Other” or “Second” Serbia. Committed in the fight against Milošević in the 90’s, the “Druga Srbija” had to redefine its project after his fall in October 2000. In a society it judges archaic and unfit to change, the “Druga Srbija” claims itself as the only chance for Serbia ̶ plunged in the economic crisis, blocked at the doors of European Union ̶ to access modernity.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 29, 2016 - 6:45:16 PM
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Laëtitia Delamare. La bipolarité de la société serbe : héritage, essence ou illusion ? Les manifestations belgradoises 1991-2008. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. EHESS, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01263663⟩

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