La mémoire et la fiction dans les oeuvres romanesques de Patrick Modiano

Abstract : In the works of Patrick Modiano, the incoherent memorys which are to be accompanied by the dysfunction is an important theme. The concept of the imperfect memory could develop after the experiencing psychotrauma in youth and childhood. To find the hidden truth, the narrators search for indications in the parts of the story memorized in a retrospective way. The separation between « I narrate » and « I narrated » is always present. It is the source of chronology particular to the works of Modiano. The elasticity of the time between both of them, or an order and a disorder of chronology between the events coexist, while each story is not uniform in speed of development. It seemed that the particular method of narration could represent an intermittent memory. In our thesis, we study the mechanism of memory tied in the plotline proper to the works of Modiano, throught the narratological approach. More than one plotline prevents making a clear distinction between plot-lines and sub plot-lines. The insertions comments of the narrator who considers an event of past time produce an memory. At the end of our thesis, we try to emphasize his poetry and theme preference with a tragic memory in the youth and with the worthlessness of birth that reveal itself inside the memory.
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Mariko Bando. La mémoire et la fiction dans les oeuvres romanesques de Patrick Modiano. Littératures. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0090⟩. ⟨tel-01262194⟩

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