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Early detection of cardiac arrhythmia based on Bayesian methods from ECG data

Abstract : Apnea-bradycardia episodes (breathing pauses associated with a significant fall in heart rate) are the most common disease in preterm infants. Consequences associated with apnea-bradycardia episodes involve a compromise in oxygenation and tissue perfusion, a poor neuromotor prognosis at childhood and a predisposing factor to sudden-death syndrome in preterm newborns. It is therefore important that these episodes are recognized (early detected or predicted if possible), to start an appropriate treatment and to prevent the associated risks. In this thesis, we propose two Bayesian Network (BN) approaches (Markovian and Switching Kalman Filter) for the early detection of apnea bradycardia events on preterm infants, using different features extracted from electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings. Concerning the Markovian approach, we propose new frameworks for two generalizations of the classical Hidden Markov Model (HMM). The first framework, Coupled Hidden Markov Model (CHMM), is accomplished by assigning a Markov chain (channel) to each dimension of observation and establishing a coupling among channels. The second framework, Coupled Hidden semi Markov Model (CHMM), combines the characteristics of Hidden semi Markov Model (HSMM) with the above-mentioned coupling concept. For each framework, we present appropriate recursions in order to use modified Forward-Backward (FB) algorithms to solve the learning and inference problems. The proposed learning algorithm is based on Maximum Likelihood (ML) criteria. Moreover, we propose two new switching Kalman Filter (SKF) based algorithms, called wave-based and R-based, to present an index for bradycardia detection from ECG. The wave-based algorithm is established based on McSarry's dynamical model for ECG beat generation which is used in an Extended Kalman filter algorithm in order to detect subtle changes in ECG sample by sample. We also propose a new SKF algorithm to model normal beats and those with bradycardia by two different AR processes.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 25, 2016 - 10:49:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 10:20:04 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01261314, version 1

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Nasim Montazeri Ghahjaverestan. Early detection of cardiac arrhythmia based on Bayesian methods from ECG data. Signal and Image processing. Université Rennes 1, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015REN1S061⟩. ⟨tel-01261314⟩

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