New approaches in super-resolution microscopy

Abstract : The first technique aims at improving the imaging speed of super-resolution microscopy at roomtemperature for biological applications. As a scanning technique, STED (Stimulated EmissionDepletion) microscopy needs parallelization for fast wide-field imaging. Using well-designed opticallattices for depletion together with wide-field excitation and a fast camera for detection, we achievelarge parallelization of STED microscopy. Wide field of view super-resolved images are acquired byscanning over a single unit cell of the optical lattice, which can be as small as 290 nm * 290 nm.Lattice-STED imaging is demonstrated with a resolution down to 70 nm at 12.5 frames per second.The second one extends super-resolution microscopy to liquid helium temperature for applications inquantum technologies. Optical resolution of solid-state single quantum emitters at the nanometer scaleis a challenging step towards the control of delocalized states formed by strongly and coherentlyinteracting emitters. ESSat (Excited State Saturation) microscopy operating at cryogenic temperaturesis based on optical saturation of the excited state of single fluorescent molecules with a doughnutshapedbeam. Sub-10 nm resolution is achieved with extremely low excitation intensities, more thanmillion times lower than those used in room temperature STED microscopy. Compared to superlocalisationapproaches, our technique offers a unique opportunity to super-resolve single moleculeshaving overlapping optical resonance frequencies, paving the way to the study of coherent interactionsbetween single emitters and to the manipulation of their degree of entanglement.
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Bin Yang. New approaches in super-resolution microscopy. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0075⟩. ⟨tel-01259197⟩



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