Méthodologie d’aide à la décision pour la qualité des effluents industriels - Une approche territoriale orientée sur les besoins vis-à-vis des services écosystémiques produits par les milieux récepteurs

Abstract : Despite the precautions taken by Europe through numerous regulatory texts, the current management of industrial wastewater shows various problems. The achievement of water bodies quality targets set for 2015 will go through a real ownership of the issues by every actor in order to implement customized treatment processes. In the current framework of industrial ecology, waste becomes product; we therefore explored the possibilities of using quality management principles prescribed by the ISO 9000 for industrial wastewater management, with potential customers such as industries (reuse), communal wastewater treatment plants, but also ecosystem receptors. The consideration of ecosystems as customers nevertheless raises sensitive issues such as the assessment of their needs. The complexity of this evaluation led us to consider the territory in terms of ecosystem services (that is to say, services provided ecosystems that contribute to human well-being) to identify human targets able to express their needs concerning their environment. These needs are then converted, according to local and regulatory data, in qualitative requirements for liquid emissions. This approach was materialized as a tool for industrials or other actors with no particular competence in the field of water management. The contribution of this thesis is the analysis of local environmental issues to contribute to the specification of the treatment processes of industrial aqueous effluents by setting release thresholds.
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Sophie Grazilhon. Méthodologie d’aide à la décision pour la qualité des effluents industriels - Une approche territoriale orientée sur les besoins vis-à-vis des services écosystémiques produits par les milieux récepteurs. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015EMSE0787⟩. ⟨tel-01258041⟩

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