Étude de la dynamique de paroi de domaine magnétique dans des matériaux à fort couplage spin orbite

Abstract : In this thesis, we studied the current induced domain walls (DWs) dynamics in ultra-thin ferromagnetic films of heavy metal/ ferromagnetic metal/ oxide type with a high spin-orbit coupling. In these systems, two ingredients linked to the high spin-orbit coupling and the structural inversion asymmetry play a key role on the DWs dynamics: the amplitude of the spin-orbit torques (SOT) acting on the domain when a current is injected; and the amplitude of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMi) which stabilizes the Néel structure of the DW. The purpose of this work was to characterize the current induced torques acting on the DW and the amplitude of the DMi.For that purpose, I developed a new measurement technique relying on the measurement of current induced nanometer size motion of a DW, trapped inside a nanodot patterned in the magnetic material. This quasi-static measurement enables to avoid the difficulties related to the modelling of the DW dynamics in the presence of defects.Besides that, the device has been designed to enable different perpendicular directions for the current and the external magnetic field, which enable a clear measurement of spin transfer (NA-STT) and spin-orbit (DL-SOT) torques contributions.The measurements allowed the characterization of the torque exerted by the current on the DW with respect to a planar magnetic field for a Pt/Co/AlOx stack in 4 different couples of field/current directions. The results allow to exclude the hypothesis of a Bloch structure for the DW.In the case where the current is injected through the DW, the comparison between the results and the model leads to a very weak value for the NA-STT. Our measurements made with the planar magnetic field leads to a value of 7,5+/-0,5 Oe per 10 MA/m² for the DL-SOT, which is in agreement with previously published results in the case of a Néel DW. If both configurations lead to similar measurements for the SOT, they don't permit to conclude on the exact value of the DMi in this system. The origin of these contradictories values is still to be understood.
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Alexandre Lopez. Étude de la dynamique de paroi de domaine magnétique dans des matériaux à fort couplage spin orbite. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAY037⟩. ⟨tel-01257761⟩

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