Analyse morphologique des champs de cavités dans un élastomère sous décompression d'hydrogène : Influence des conditions de décompression et effets d'interaction

Abstract : The morphology of cavitation is analyzed in an unfilled EPDM under different hydrogen decompression conditions. The experimental device allows a time-resolved tracking of the evolution of damage. Images are processed to obtain the onset time, the number and sizedistribution of cavities over time, and the inflation / deflation kinetics of the biggest cavities.Covariograms quantifies the spatial distribution of cavity fields. The analysis is thus led at two scales: that of independent cavities and that of the full cavity fields. At the cavity scale, kineticsis shown to be identical for independent cavities but different between inflation and deflation.Experimental kinetics is compared to that issued from Finite Element calculations in a cell containing one or two cavities, in coupled diffuso-mechanical conditions. Calculationshighlight the evolution of local mechanical and gas content fields, as well as interaction effects between close cavities. At the scale of cavity fields, the spatial distribution is influenced by the decompression conditions. The number and size of cavities increase with saturation pressure and/or decompression rate and a second population of small cavities is nucleated around the first one under severe decompression conditions. The homogeneity and isotropy of the distribution at macroscopic scale are studied. The influence of cycling on the evolution of cavitation morphology is addressed in the final part. It was finally found that the morphology of cavity fields evolves during successive cycles. The analysis provides information to discuss and to inquire the framework and ingredients of damage models.
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Ousseynou Kane-Diallo. Analyse morphologique des champs de cavités dans un élastomère sous décompression d'hydrogène : Influence des conditions de décompression et effets d'interaction. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ESMA0014⟩. ⟨tel-01257647⟩

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