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Délignification du bois de châtaignier par une approche de chimie verte : Mise en œuvre et impacts sur la structure et le potentiel anti-radicalaire des phyto-polysaccharides extraits

Abstract : Fractionation of wood, essential for the development of its molecular constituents, generally includes non eco-friendly steps. The key-step of the fractionation, the delignification, is generally based on the implementation of aggressive conditions, using harmful reagents, particularly chlorinated. In this work, we developed a new method of delignification of sawdust chestnut, emblematic species of the Limousin region, using phthalocyanine or porphyrin as a catalyst and hydrogen peroxide as the oxidant. Lignin degradation was characterized by various techniques, including FT-IR spectroscopy, UV-visible absorption and by measuring the kappa number. Then we showed that the use of phthalocyanine, less effective that porphyrins in terms of degradation mass yields of lignocellulosic material are however more selective to lignin oxydation. It was then possible, from residues only partially delignified, to extract by a simple hot water a hemicellulose with a similar structure to the 4-O-M¨¦thylglucuronoxylans classically extracted from hardwood. This polysaccharide is characterized by the presence of phenolic residues providing it an interesting antioxidant activity, measured against the radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) and its IC50 is estimated at 225¦Ìg. mL-1. This value, compared to reference products such as vitamin E, allows to classify this compound among good candidates for development as a natural preservative for food or cosmetic industries.
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Emmanuel Renault. Délignification du bois de châtaignier par une approche de chimie verte : Mise en œuvre et impacts sur la structure et le potentiel anti-radicalaire des phyto-polysaccharides extraits. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université de Limoges, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIMO0076⟩. ⟨tel-01254295⟩

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