Puce à cellules multiplexée pour l'étude de réponses cellulaires parallélisées

Ophélie Berthuy 1
1 GEMBAS - Génie Enzymatique, Membrane Biomimétique et Assemblages Supramoléculaires
ICBMS - Institut de Chimie et Biochimie Moléculaires et Supramoléculaires
Abstract : The work reported in this thesis focuses on the development of a multiplexed cell chip for the study of parallelized cellular responses. The lineage of cells from Prostate cancer LNCaP cells, were used as a study model thanks to their ability to secrete prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and β-2-microglobulin (B2M) in response to induction by hormones such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT). We were able to detect in real time these label-free molecules and their secretion by small populations of adherent LNCaP cells (from 1 to 100 cells) at specified positions on a SPRi biochip. Three different approaches were considered for this biochip. The first was to pattern the gold surface of a SPRi slide to obtain microwells whose bottom reveals the gold surface (cytophilic area) and an outer shell composed of polystyrene (cytophobe) to create an adhesive/non-adhesive surface for cell culture. Antibodies were immobilized in a controlled manner in the microwells using a piezo electric spotter. In this miniaturized system, different cell lines were co-cultured on a surface of 1 cm², paving the way for multiplexing. A small population of cells (1 to 100) was deposited in an automated manner into each microwell. In order to maintain the cells in a hydrated environment during deposition, a biocompatible alginate polymer was used. This method allows the encapsulation of cells in a very small volume (<50 nL). The ability of the hydrogel to maintain the encapsulated cells in a given position on the support led to the design of a second approach for the production of the biochip. In this second approach the surface is not altered and biological compounds (antibodies and cells) are directly deposited in an automated manner on the gold layer. Finally, a last approach was developed by immobilizing the cells on a patterned substrate placed in front of the sensitive layer SPRi. In all three approaches, the kinetics of PSA secretion and secreted B2M could be followed by SPRi
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Ophélie Berthuy. Puce à cellules multiplexée pour l'étude de réponses cellulaires parallélisées. Biochimie [q-bio.BM]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LYO10133⟩. ⟨tel-01252556⟩

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