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Éduquer au bien-être animal en formation professionnelle : prise en compte de l'empathie interspécifique par le système éducatif

Abstract : The scientific and ethical debates within the animal welfare make a socially acute question. We examine its trainability in agricultural training. We consider it through education interspecies empathy. We question the factors of formal, non-formal and informal education likely to disadvantage. Our research is based on the discourses of 7 students in training in animal production or pets breeding, 5 teachers and 108 textbook writers of the nineteenth and twentieth century. Beginning of training, 6 students want to create an emotional relationship with the animal, but does not necessarily develop an empathetic attitude during training. The incriminated factors are (1) lack of confidence of the student and the judgments he undergoes from his peers, teacher or parent, (2) conformation to knowledge, practices and ideologies of parents, professional or teacher, (3) a conception and motivation vis-à-vis the animal anthropocentric and reifying (4) the dissociation of the relational dimension and productive livestock. They generate defense mechanisms detrimental to critical thinking. We promote professional education based on scientific and ethical critical reflexivity. Yet the expression of emotions and values ​​is avoided by teachers. Authors of textbooks from 1830 to 1870 are taking into account the ethical question of the welfare of the animal with a moralistic posture zoo or anthropocentric. Contemporary authors are neutral, engaged and sometimes contradictory.
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Michel Vidal. Éduquer au bien-être animal en formation professionnelle : prise en compte de l'empathie interspécifique par le système éducatif. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20110⟩. ⟨tel-01252136⟩

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