Algorithms and architectures for control and diagnosis of flight critical systems

Abstract : Flight-Critical Systems such as Electromechanical Actuators driven by Engine Control Units (ECU) or Flight Control Units (FCU) are designed and developed regarding drastic safety requirements. In this study, an actuator control and monitoring ECU architecture based on analytic redundancy is proposed. In case of fault occurrences, material redundancies in avionic equipment allow certaincritical systems to reconfigure or to switch into a safe mode. However, material redundancies increase aircraft equipment size, weight and power (SWaP). Monitoring based on dynamical models is an interesting way to further enhance safetyand availability without increasing the number of redundant items. Model-base dfault detection and isolation (FDI) methods [58, 26, 47] such as observers and parity space are recalled in this study. The properties of differential flatness for nonlinear systems [80, 41, 73] and endogenous feedback linearisation are used with nonlinear diagnosis models. Linear and nonlinear observers are then compared with an application on hybrid stepper motor (HSM). A testing bench was specially designed to observe in real-time the behaviour of the diagnosis models when faults occur on the stator windings of a HSM.
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Alexandre Bobrinskoy. Algorithms and architectures for control and diagnosis of flight critical systems. Automatic. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0007⟩. ⟨tel-01249590⟩

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