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Recherche sur les précurseurs du 3-sulfanylhexanol des vins de Sauvignon blanc

Abstract : The development of fractionation techniques in Sauvignon Blanc musts such as centrifugal partition chromatography and flash chromatography, permitted to identify two precursor forms of 3-sulfanylhexanol : the S-3-(hexan-1-al)-glutathione, and the S-3-glutathionyl-hydroxy hexanesulfonic acid. These results confirmed the major contribution of S-conjugates in the potential liberation of 3-sulfanylhexanol in musts. The two newly identified forms along with S-3-(hexan-1-ol)-L-cysteine and S-3-(hexan-1-ol)-glutathione, explain up to 65% of the total release of 3-sulfanylhexanol. Futhermore, we showed that all precursor forms belonged to the same assimilation pathway of yeast and the S-3-(hexan-1-ol)-L-cysteine is an essential intermediate in the metabolism of S-glutathione conjugates, which is a precursor of 3-sulfanylhexanol . Finally, the biotransformation percentage of different S-conjugates of 3-sulfanylhexanol seems directly related to their position in the metabolic flow.
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Caroline Bocker. Recherche sur les précurseurs du 3-sulfanylhexanol des vins de Sauvignon blanc. Sciences agricoles. Université de Bordeaux, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BORD0412⟩. ⟨tel-01249582⟩

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