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Diversité des espèces de levures dans des levains naturels français produits à partir de farine issue de l'Agriculture Biologique : une étude pilote pour analyser les pratiques boulangères et les patterns des communautés microbiennes

Abstract : Microorganisms are essential for the maintenance and functioning of the ecosystems. In some food products, microbial community, mainly composed by yeasts and lacid actic bacteria which ferment sugars, positively affects organoleptic qualities and shelf life of the product. It is the case of bread sourdough. This PhD aimed at describing yeast diversity patterns of organic French bread sourdoughs and conserving a part of this diversity. Using cultural-Based and non-Cultural based analyses of yeast diversity, we highlighted a unique specific diversity of each sourdough. We also shown the predominance of Kazachstania genus and a convergence of sourdoughs’ yeasts isolates for the ability to consume raffinose and sucrose. Although density and species composition varied between sourdoughs, no spatial pattern was highlighted. Bread-Making practices and their effects on microbial communities’ diversity were also analyzed. Two bread-Making practice typologies (quite « intensive » and quite « extensive »), affecting dominant yeast species were also revealed.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01249573
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  • HAL Id : tel-01249573, version 1

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Charlotte Urien. Diversité des espèces de levures dans des levains naturels français produits à partir de farine issue de l'Agriculture Biologique : une étude pilote pour analyser les pratiques boulangères et les patterns des communautés microbiennes. Ecologie, Environnement. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112007⟩. ⟨tel-01249573⟩

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