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Structure profonde de la croûte et potentiel pétrolier des bassins sédimentaires à l'ouest de l'Algérie

Abstract : Located in North Africa, the Algerian margin is bordering the Algerian basin, formed in the back of the Tethyan subduction. The importance of the study of the segment extending from Tenes to Mostaganem over 250 km, lies in its pivotal position between the continental Alborán domain to the West and the Algerian Basin to the East. In this work, we determined for the first time, the structure and the crustal nature of this segment using the tomographic inversion of the seismic data recorded along a N-S wide-angle seismic profile shot perpendicular to the margin. Thanks to the multichannel reflection seismic data acquired during SPIRAL (2009), and to industrial data, we have proposed a regional tectonic pattern and the possible offshore extension of the kabylian basement The results reveal a margin characterized by the juxtaposition of a thin oceanic crust to the North and a slightly thinned continental crust to the South on either side of a major vertical accident. This suggests that the margin is formed in a strike-slip context. The opening of the oceanic basin should result from the response to the retreat and to the tear of the lithospheric slab beneath the Gibraltar subduction, accompanied by the westward migration of the Alborán block. The propagation of this lithospheric tearing (STEP) generated a zone of strike-slip along the narrow ocean-continent transition. The offshore absence of seismicity along our segment is connected to the mechanical resistance of the margin due to rapid change of crust nature. Owing the results and compared with other regions of the world, the areas which can likely present oil potential are the ones located on the continental crust.
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Rabia Badji. Structure profonde de la croûte et potentiel pétrolier des bassins sédimentaires à l'ouest de l'Algérie. Sciences de la Terre. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE4036⟩. ⟨tel-01249394⟩



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