Approche analytique modale pour la prévision vibratoire de plaques couplées à des sols : Applications ferroviaires

Abstract : This thesis is concerned with the coupling between a fexural vibrating plate and a stratifed ground. A semi-analytical solution is introduced similar to the equivalent acoustical problem. The ground cross modal impedance is defined in a similar way as the equivalent acoustical impedance. From this definition, the ground added mass, stiffness and damping to the plate are presented. Similarities and discrepancies between the acoustical and the ground cross modal impedance are introduced. Influence of the ground stratification on the plate vibration shows new phenomena especially on the imaginary part of the ground cross modal impedance. A comparison between the model developed in this thesis and an experiment made on a tramway slab has been done as well as a comparison with a numerical model, MEFISSTO developed by P. jean at CSTB. One introduces an extension of the modeling developed and is concerned with modeling two flexural plates to the ground. It can be pointed out that problem formulation is still close to the problem formulation of one plate coupled to the ground. Three different fields of application of such modeling is presented. The first field of application is concerned with ground mitigation due to the passing tramway on. The first plate is the excited plate by the tramway and the second plate, called Horizontal Wave Barrier, is acting at the top surface as a ground attenuator. The second field of application is concerned with the modeling of building foundation. It is shown that the vibration received by the foundation of a building can be an input data for modeling an entire building vibration. The third field of application is concerned with different cases of tramway slab for reduction of ground vibration. Finally one presents an introduction of the use of this ground structure modeling in the case of inverse problem. It is shown that it is possible to identify injected force to the plate by the tramway. Furthermore the ground allows a regularization of the problem in the inversion which is not the case in the acoustical case.
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Loïc Grau. Approche analytique modale pour la prévision vibratoire de plaques couplées à des sols : Applications ferroviaires. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. INSA de Lyon, 2015. Français. 〈NNT : 2015ISAL0113〉. 〈tel-01247585v2〉

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