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Approche psychosociale et développementale de la carrière en contexte contre-stéréotypique : l’étude du personnel féminin de la Marine nationale

Abstract : This thesis aims to understand the determinants of military women’s success. We hypothesized that their performances were related to professional identifications, self-assessments (self-efficacy, performance expectations and ambition) and the value they give to their domains of life. Three studies were conducted, apprehending the performance through the results in exams, trainings and a reflexive feedback on their careers. After having controlled the threatening aspect of their professional situation and having observed that women’s performance is lower than men’s, several mediating factors on the effect of sex on performance have been highlighted. The main factor explaining the performance of women is the expectation of performance compared to their colleagues. The more they consider being at the same level as their colleagues, the more they succeed, which is directly linked to self-efficacy and to the different professional identifications. To identify themselves as a sailor is more difficult for women in the military. The less individuals value their working domain, the weaker are their results, as their level of identification to the organization. However there is no interaction with the sex, and thus it is not a gender issue. At the beginning of women’s career, the dynamics of their work identity prevails in the development of their career, pushed by their professional ambition, while the effects of their conjugal status on their performance, mediated by their domains of life enhancement, would intervene secondly.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01246408
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2015 - 2:52:19 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 5:58:10 PM

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Alice Delicourt. Approche psychosociale et développementale de la carrière en contexte contre-stéréotypique : l’étude du personnel féminin de la Marine nationale. Psychologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20073⟩. ⟨tel-01246408⟩

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