Evaluation de condensateurs enterrés à base de composites céramique/polymère pour des applications à hautes fréquences

Abstract : The increasing miniaturization of electronic systems involves reducing the size of electronic components, in particular passive components (capacitors, resistors and inductors), including capacitors, large and many more. To meet this expectation, one of the options is to integrate "bury" the capacitive layers based on ceramic / polymer composites in the PCB. In a first step, several types of composite materials based on nanoparticle ceramic (BaTiO3 and BaSrTiO3) and polyester for buried capacitors are developed. Then, the permittivity ε' and the dielectric losses of the composites are measured in the ranges of frequencies between [10 kHz - 10 MHz] and [1 GHz - 5 GHz]. To integrate these components within the PCBs sometimes soft and flexible, the piezoelectric behavior of composites is evaluated. The measurement of leakage current to perform a qualitative analysis of composite materials was also made.At the level of the study of buried capacitors in the circuit board, two test structures were carried out: one mounted in parallel and the other in serial. The study is produced in two ranges of capacitors. The study is conducted on two capacitors ranges. The first case, the relative permittivity does not depend on the frequency while in the second case the frequency dependence is taken into account. For this, an original method which allows to extract the permittivity εr(f) variation in high-frequency was developed. The method is mainly based on the use of measurement results of the relative permittivity of low-frequency capacitor, and the results of resonance frequency value obtained by 3D HFSS electromagnetic simulation. Finally, to improve the operating frequency of the buried capacitors, design rules allowing understand the influence of the vias and geometry of electrodes on the resonant frequency of the structures are studied.
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Massar Wade. Evaluation de condensateurs enterrés à base de composites céramique/polymère pour des applications à hautes fréquences. Electronique. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0156⟩. ⟨tel-01245642⟩

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