Sociologie d’une construction préventive du rapport des services de protection de l’enfance aux familles étrangères dans le département de l’Hérault : approche socioéducative de la notion de risque de danger dans un contexte sécuritaire

Abstract : Over the years 2000, whilst the security-based referential is going through globalisation, and unlike the preventive dynamics in place for the past decades of decentralization, the legislator gradually provides childhood protection services with coercive administrative tools which restores it back to dealing with dangerous children.Whilst the outbreak of neoliberalism positions problem-stricken individuals as responsible for their condition and submits support attribution to meritocratic principles, parental educational difficulties are assimilated to deviance through a security-driven logic, and each family member goes from the status of a victim who needs support to a status of guilty individual who needs sanctioning. This therefore implies that there is only one step to take for the problematic to become a controlling measure and for the follow-up to become corrective measure of behaviours.In view of the tightening of migrating politics and in this context of exacerbating racialisation and ethnicisation of the social issue, foreign families who evolve in ZUS (« Sensitive Urban Zones ») have to submit their behaviors to dominating norms and to ideologized value systems. To a greater extent than anyone else, foreign parents, whether they are in a regular or irregular situation, must provide the conditions of an educational security for their child within a structurally organised context of social and administrative unsecurity. And to a greater extent than for anyone else, the professional in charge of childhood protection must think his action according to the statutory contingencies of each family member and see to the fact that the support measure doesn't become a stigmatism which comes on top of skin colour, origins or even living in an area within an institutional and political context which is under pressure.
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Lionel Clariana. Sociologie d’une construction préventive du rapport des services de protection de l’enfance aux familles étrangères dans le département de l’Hérault : approche socioéducative de la notion de risque de danger dans un contexte sécuritaire. Sociologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MON30021⟩. ⟨tel-01244013⟩

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