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Eutrophisation et dynamique du phosphore et de l'azote en Seine : un nouveau contexte suite à l’amélioration du traitement des eaux usées

Abstract : The Seine river system is an ecosystem deeply affected by human activities. The new water quality requirements have led to significant changes. We provided an overview of nitrogen transfers in the Seine basin. We conducted sampling campaigns in order to describe the dynamics of nitrogen and nitrification. Furthermore, we compared our results with the observations before the implementation of nitrogen treatment at the wastewater treatment plant Seine Aval (WWTP SAV). The results proved that the WWTP discharges less ammonium and more nitrifiers but with a slower development than before. These communities disappear downstream, without causing low oxygen concentrations in the lower Seine and its estuary, as they did before... A simplified modelling of nitrogen concentrations and nitrification before and after the implementation of nitrogen treatment helped to reproduce the past and the present trends.Moreover, the assessment of the fluxes and the analysis of the role of phosphorus were realized. The inputs to the river system have been reduced almost three times in the early year 2000. The experimental measurement of phosphorus sorption characteristics onto suspended solids has shown that particles could be affected by the discharges coming from the WWTP SAV after the introduction of an advanced treatment. We show also by modelling, that the algal growth is very sensitive to adsorption process. The changes in frequency and amplitude of algal blooms observed in the Seine can be explained by the reduction of point phosphorus loadings. The modelling of algal blooms throughout the entire basin remains difficult with the currently available mechanistic tools.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01241278
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 10, 2015 - 11:42:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01241278, version 1

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Najla Aissa Grouz Jerbi. Eutrophisation et dynamique du phosphore et de l'azote en Seine : un nouveau contexte suite à l’amélioration du traitement des eaux usées. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066266⟩. ⟨tel-01241278⟩

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