Caractérisation thermomécanique du comportement en fatigue des thermoplastiques renforcés de fibres de verre courtes

Abstract : Vehicle weight reduction is a major issue in the automotive industry, because this contributes to reducing global warming emissions, resulting in a reduction of negative environmental impacts at the worldwide scale. To replace heavy metallic materials conventionally used, short fiber reinforced thermoplastics (SFRT) provide today a major opportunity to obtain lightweight automotive parts at a reasonable cost for several applications. The cost and the thermomechanical properties motivate the choice of polyamide matrix reinforced with glass fibers manufactured by injection molding. However, predictive modeling behavior tools and robust fatigue criteria must be identified. Both are needed for the design of structural pieces in the automotive industry. The fatigue design of SFRT components for structural applications in the automotive industry requires an accurate knowledge of several factors because the material features are complex, these features are related to the strong nonlinear behavior of the matrix under the service conditions (temperature and humidity), the composite nature of the material, the influence of the injection molding (fiber orientation) and the dissipative characteristics of the thermoplastic matrix (significant temperature rise during the cyclic loadings). A major issue is to understand the relations between the microstructure, the thermo-hydro-mechanical loading and the fatigue properties (fatigue initiation sites, evolution scenarios, and failure criterion). The first objective of this thesis is to suggest methods that allow for the characterization of the influence of each parameter on the fatigue behavior. Furthermore, the complexity of the industrial pieces in terms of geometry and fiber orientation challenges the relevancy of the classical samples. The second objective of this thesis is consequently to design more complex samples that intend to be representative in terms of fiber orientation and geometric details found in the industrial pieces (called structural samples) and to validate the methods and the fatigue criteria suggested for these complex cases. To achieve these objectives, a method based on thermal measurements giving access to the dissipation fields for the heterogeneous cases considered is proposed, this method also offers a very high reduction of the characterization duration of the fatigue properties through energetic criteria
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Leonell Serrano Abello. Caractérisation thermomécanique du comportement en fatigue des thermoplastiques renforcés de fibres de verre courtes. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0052⟩. ⟨tel-01240739v2⟩

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