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Theses

Le métal et la chair : anthropologie des prothèses informatisées

Abstract : The research subject addresses the social use of man/machine interfaces. This thesis investigates invasive approaches (such as electronic surgical implants) as well as non-invasive approaches (nerve impulse detection using non-implanted sensors, haptic interfaces, augmented reality devices and ubiquitous computing). Such investigation aims at understanding the clinical and antropological issues generated by the multiplication of self-animated devices in the environment as well as in the human body. A clear point that stands out of this research is the following. Implants are not the key element in the process of « enhanced human » being which, by the way, concerns only a tiny portion of the world population. Implanted computing devices are mainly used an a strictly regulated context of « repaired human » (to keep the patients alive or to restore significantly their quality of life). It is worth mentioning that we are witnessing a surge of computer objects (such as smartphones, tablet computers...) in our social world as never before. Instances of computerized removable (detachable) prostheses are deeply pervasive nowadays. An increasing part of them can be described as cognitive prosthetics. A marketing very intense, presents this devices as fully harmless items. However, the way we constantly recourse (without clear social regulation) to these tools (or gadgets), the common daily exposure to different kinds of computer programs, raises fundamental pedagogic questions, causes upheavals in our relationship to our surrounding environment, let alone to man's cognitive activity.
Keywords : Bionic prothesis
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Maxime Derian. Le métal et la chair : anthropologie des prothèses informatisées. Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010574⟩. ⟨tel-01240388⟩

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