Le droit du commerce électronique : une approche de la protection du cyber consommateur

Abstract : This subject concerns the protection of the consumer in the context of electronic commerce. The objective of the thesis is to make an analysis of the rules laid down to adapt electronic contracts to the strict requirements of consumer law. Indeed, special rules are required to govern a world virtual, cloud, where the commodity is digital. These rules must often be mixed standards of private international law and the general law of consumption. It is important to investigate coordination between the classical rules of conflict of laws and the courts to e-commerce? Private international law is ready to face the world intangible, which relies on the location of the acts and made legal? The problem lies in the fact that: the contracts online are primarily subject to common law contracts. But, at the same time, it would be simplistic to see the electronic contract as a contract. In fact, it has several aspects that justify the development of a suitable framework. From this observation, it seems that the rules of common law are insufficient and that special standards must be put in place. Thus, it is important to consider the measures taken by European, french and Egyptian lawmakers specifically, to address the difficulties identified as the renewal and the development of techniques. Indeed, there is the emergence of a law specific to electronic commerce which deals with its different aspects and, in particular, the protection of the vulnerable parties such as cyber-consumers. We are today witnessing a period of legislative ferment: a dozen of directives on electronic commerce, distance contracts, financial services... have been adopted in the community context and roughly the same number of laws promulgated at the domestic level to ensure their transpositions and broader strategies of legal systems enhancements, updates of the economic lawsbuilding the protections implemented by Governments that want or adhere to changes in the international economy and finally the adaptability of the international rights to the resolution of disputes in e-commerce. As discussed in the second part of this thesis, to enable reliable transactions, high-quality online regarding Arab countries and developing countries, must be modern telecommunications systems providing broadband and mobile services at affordable prices for businesses and individuals. It is necessary that there is also a supportive environment with strong competition among telecommunications providers. Indeed, it takes a real desire! These elements are crucial to continue the development of e-commerce while applying the rules relating to the protection of the consumer. And also, they are essential to produce useful applications, of high quality. In this area too, Governments can play a vital role in ensuring that secondary and professional schools teach as necessary expertise to assist in the emergence of a real digital economy sustainable, adaptable to the needs of users.
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Mickael Boutros. Le droit du commerce électronique : une approche de la protection du cyber consommateur. Droit. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENA022⟩. ⟨tel-01239855⟩

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