L'invention du paysage culturel sous-marin : le traitement en patrimoine des épaves de la Mer d'Iroise et ses ambiguïtés

Typhaine Cann 1
1 CRBC Brest - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société, UBO - Université de Brest, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : This research investigates the tendency we have to use things as mediators in our dealing with the past. It aims at drawing the evolution of the status of the things taken back from the sea by inhabitants of coastal areas. Underwater pictures may have become part of our daily life, but not long ago the ocean was still considered as the realm of the unknown, a reality that people didn’t challenge fearlessly. To pick up what stand as foreshore, which seemed nevertheless to play a fundamental part in the interactions between human societies and the ocean, induces a certain unease, for this practise depends on an “economy of salvage” which is at odds with domestic life. This trouble is strenghten by a “culture macabre” which pervades the atmosphere in traditional Brittany (partly fostered by castaways). Still, nowadays the balance seems to be likely to reverse, and it is man who appears as being a threat hanging over the Ocean. The creation of a rotected Marine Area in western Finistere is part of a global system aimed at managing time and space, including patrimonialization of shipwrecks. The inquiry shows that the engraving of memory in public areas echoes with the exhibition of individual memory in privacy. Between “trophies” and “relics”, the souvenirs salvaged by divers reveal the strenght of mechanisms of identification to the group, to places and to their history. These mechanisms are not always conscious. We shall not deny the ambiguity of such process of reinventing the past but this study intends to highlight the emotional affects observed on the ground.
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Typhaine Cann. L'invention du paysage culturel sous-marin : le traitement en patrimoine des épaves de la Mer d'Iroise et ses ambiguïtés. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BRES0021⟩. ⟨tel-01238607⟩

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