Etude de l'interaction choc/turbulence/combustion en écoulement cisaillé réactif : analyse des jets réactifs fortement sous-détendus.

Abstract : This dissertation is devoted to the study of sheared supersonic reactive flows and more specifically the dynamics of highly underexpanded jets. Such complex compressible turbulent flow conditions are of praclical interest for scramjets as well as rocket engines applications. Similar condit ions may also be found during the accidentai releases of flammable substances into the atmosphere during high pressure vessel rupture or venting. This work is conducted with a high fidelity computational solver: CREAMS (Compressible Multi-reactive species Solver). It uses high precision numerical schemes third-order Runge Kutta scheme for time integration, plus a combination of seventh and eighth-order centered and WENO schemes for spatial integration. The molecular transport terms and chemical sources terms are handled with the most accurate descriptions, i. e., including detailed transport and chemistry. Inert flow simulations allow to characterize the importance of shock/turbulence interactions with a special emphasis placed on the small-scale scalar mixing. Highly under-expanded reactive hydrogen jet simulations underline the specific difficulties associated to ignition and combustion stabilization even in the presence of an external deposit of energy. Finally, the analysis of the rocket engine igniter jet reveals some specific features of self-ignition phenomena in such non-premixed conditions.
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Romain Buttay. Etude de l'interaction choc/turbulence/combustion en écoulement cisaillé réactif : analyse des jets réactifs fortement sous-détendus.. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ESMA0009⟩. ⟨tel-01236072⟩

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