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Étude par Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire de nouveaux états quantiques induits sous champ magnétique : condensation de Bose-Einstein dans le composé DTN

Abstract : We present a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) study of the NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2 compound, called DTN, consisting of spin-1 chains that are weakly coupled along the transverse directions. At low temperatures and for magnetic field values between the two critical fields Hc1 and Hc2, this system enters an ordered phase of the Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) type. Within this phase, we first describe the experimental determination of the order parameter (transverse magnetization), the amplitude of which is found to be well described by theory while its phase (orientation) seems to be fixed by an anisotropy term. Second, by NMR relaxation rate 1/T1 we have studied the low-energy fluctuations of the electronic spins and found that they obey the power law 1/T1 ~ T 5. Such a behaviour points to a 2nd order process involving linearly dispersing excitations, such as Bogoliubov quasiparticles, but its nature is not yet well understood. Outside the BEC phase, we report a study of the spin fluctuations in the quantum critical regime (H ~ Hc2), demonstrating a scaling law on 1/T1 similar to the one that has already been observed in another equivalent compound, BPCB spin-ladder, thus proving the universality of this regime [S. Mukhopadhyay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177206 (2012)]. We have also studied the effect of disorder induced by the Br-Cl substitution in the compound Ni(Cl1-xBrx)2-4SC(NH2)2 (doped DTN), for which measurements using macroscopic techniques have suggested the existence of a "Bose glass" phase [R. Yu et al., Nature 489, 379 (2012)]. This phase is characterized, for all studied doping concentrations x = 4%, 9%, 13%, by a peak in the NMR relaxation rate 1/T1 at the field value Hp ~ 13.5 T, evidencing an upsurge of the longitudinal spin fluctuations, and presenting strong inhomogeneity of the 1/T1 values – probably reflecting the glassy character of the system. The observed doping-independence of Hp demonstrates that the corresponding physics is dominated by local effects due to the dopants.
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Rémi Blinder. Étude par Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire de nouveaux états quantiques induits sous champ magnétique : condensation de Bose-Einstein dans le composé DTN. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAY030⟩. ⟨tel-01235600⟩

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