Étudier la géographie des activités et des collectifs scientifiques dans le monde : de la croissance du système de production contemporain aux dynamiques d'une spécialité, la réparation de l'ADN

Abstract : This thesis considers the geography of scientific activities through its productive dimension (publications retrieved from bibliographic databases). An original method is designed which relies on two principles: taking the urban area as an elementary level of analysis to study the repartition and organization of research activity at the world scale, taking into account co-authorship data to deduce networks of scientific collaborations between places. The main results show a trend toward the spatial diffusion of production activity at several scales, mitigating the monopoly of hegemonic and over-represented areas in the whole corpus of scientific references considered (SCI Expanded). A case study is realized on a research field in molecular biology: DNA Repair. Considering the role of individual trajectories, it explains the geography of the emergence of the scientific specialty as well as the spatial diffusion of a problem area related to the field of DNA Transcription.
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Marion Maisonobe. Étudier la géographie des activités et des collectifs scientifiques dans le monde : de la croissance du système de production contemporain aux dynamiques d'une spécialité, la réparation de l'ADN. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015TOU20055⟩. ⟨tel-01235015⟩

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