Modélisation des processus dynamiques dans les supercondensateurs

Abstract : Supercapacitors or Electrical Double Layer Capacitors (EDLC) are an innovative and promising technology in the field of energy storage. Modeling via computer simulation is the main technique used in this work to study supercapacitors. This methodology is complementary to experiments, and comparisons are made. Firstly, a methodology allowing the calculation of capacitance for the modeled systems with porous electrodes has been developed. This enabled performance to be measured for these complex systems. Secondly, cycles of charging and discharging (out-of-equilibrium processes) have been realised on various model systems composed of different structures of carbon electrodes, in contact with either pure electrolytes or solvated ionic liquids, submitted to raised or lowered potential differences. From the data obtained, the charging mechanism of supercapacitors has been elucidated and decomposed in different steps. Furthermore, the influence of the structure of the material, the solvation, and the value of the potential has been analysed. Finally, equilibrium simulations were performed. This enabled the study of electrolyte species transport inside the porous carbon electrodes media. This work consequently provides a complete and consistent study of the dynamic processes in supercapacitors.
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Clarisse Péan. Modélisation des processus dynamiques dans les supercondensateurs. Chimie analytique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066243⟩. ⟨tel-01233566⟩

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