La perception du développement durable à la Réunion : entre discours et réalité, politiques publiques et perceptions d'acteurs

Abstract : Since 2002, three institutionnal players ad an economic player developed different policies for sustainable development in La Reunion. The Regional Council was the first to launch into with its agenda 21 and « Le Plan Réunionnais de Développement Durable ». He was followed by the General Council with the « Schéma Départemental d'Aménagement et de Développement Durable » in 2004, by La Réunion Économique in 2006 with « Reunion ïle Verte 2030 » and finally by the French State in 2007 with GERRI. This thesis aims to determine whether there is a sustainable dévelopment strategy shared by all the local actors. It also aims to identify whether there is a gap between the discourse of different actors about the concept of sustainable development and the action taken. These objectives lead us to take stoke of actions taken in La Reunion to justify the gap between rhetoric and reality, public policy and actor’s perceptions in the field of sustainable development. To fulfill these objectives, the research protocole implemented focused on three actors : political, socio-economic player and the population. For each of these actors, the objectif was to identify the type of action developed in the context of sustainable development and to define the associated representation. political actor have often take advantage of the ambiguity of the concept to engage in this process, or at least in its « communication » component. The concept of sustainable development is reduced to its simple expression of the protection of an environment that should provides services to the population. This adherence to the « environmental protection » hide an utilitarian view of the environment. It’s therefore a sustainability approach that could be described as « weak » and that seems to emerge in La Reunion.
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Ulrich Maillot. La perception du développement durable à la Réunion : entre discours et réalité, politiques publiques et perceptions d'acteurs. Géographie. Université de la Réunion, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LARE0015⟩. ⟨tel-01230960⟩

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