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Liquides ioniques sous confinement nanométrique unidimensionnel

Abstract : The idea behind this project is to exploit the 1D nanometric confinement in order to increase the electrolytes ionic conductivity and, thus, the power of the lithium accumulators. We have focus on a specific class of electrolytes, which, owing to their physical and electrochemical stabilities, have been identified as very promising: the Ionic Liquids (ILs). We have confined the ILs in porous systems having a common topology (cylindrical pores macroscopically oriented), but with complementary physico-chemical properties: i) the porous alumina (AAO, hydrophilic interface, pores diameter between 25 and 160 nm) and ii) Carbon NanoTubes based membranes (CNT, hydrophobic interface, pores diameter of 4 nm).We have developed an original microscopic multiscale model, taking into account the complex dynamics of ILs cations: combination of i) fast reorientation dynamics of side alkyl-chains, ii) molecule diffusion within nanometric aggregates spontaneously formed in the ILs and iii) diffusion between the aggregates. This model reproduces in a very robust way the quasi-elastic neutrons scattering data on an extent interval of wave vector (0.1 à 2.5 Å-1) and time (10-1 à 2.103 ps). At this local scale, we do not observe any influence due to the confinement on the dynamics of the ILs confined in the AAO and CNTs. We show however that at microscopic (PFG-NMR) and macroscopic (impedance spectroscopy) scale the ILs confinement within the NTCs allows to obtain a conductivity gain of factor 3. A patent is filed.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01230686, version 2

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Filippo Ferdeghini. Liquides ioniques sous confinement nanométrique unidimensionnel. Atomic Physics [physics.atom-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066440⟩. ⟨tel-01230686v2⟩

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