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Dialectologie grapho-phonématique de deux communautés virtuelles : pour une approche discursive des communaulectes.

Abstract : This dissertation deals with two minority languages spoken in English-speaking countries, Scots and African American vernacular, used on two niche forums whose population is interested in Scottish culture for the former, Scotster, or mainly African American for the latter, Black Planet. The two linguistic domains which will be summoned are phonology dealing with minority languages and English, because both are discernible within alternative spellings ; as well as discourse analysis, because these asynchronous discourses allow unique data mining and insights into the creation of new lexical or graphic forms, which are more common on online communities they appear on. Thanks to a contrastive corpus made of works of fiction produced by native speakers, the grapho-phonemic traits of the two minority languages can be predicted on internet forums. The use of billboards also allows to study discursive phenomena which are specific to their ecology.The two languages practiced there are not used the same way : the users of Scots tend to teach it to others, while speakers of African American use it as a socio-cultural marker. This dissertation’s intent is to show that discourse practices on a forum create a platform-specific lect, called a communaulect. It is partly noticeable through alternative spellings. These are harbored by a will to lessen the difference between spelling and sound, and are even more detectable because members of BP and SC use a minority language they are mostly exposed to orally, hence twisting words more dramatically.
Keywords : Grapho-phonemic
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  • HAL Id : tel-01230557, version 1

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Laura Renée Gabrielle Goudet. Dialectologie grapho-phonématique de deux communautés virtuelles : pour une approche discursive des communaulectes.. Linguistique. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA131018⟩. ⟨tel-01230557⟩

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