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Evaluation du potentiel bioprotecteur de bactéries lactiques confinées dans une matrice polymérique

Abstract : Among the various methods to control foodborne pathogenic and/or food spoilage microorganisms in food chain, bioprotective lactic acid bacteria (LAB) appear to be promising tools for food biopreservation. This collaborative study, between PAPC (Agrosup Dijon, University of Burgundy) and BioDyMIA (University Lyon1-Lyon Isara) laboratories, concerned the development of sodium alginate/sodium caseinate polymeric matrices intended to entrap LAB cells selected for their anti-Listeria spp. activity. First, 4 LAB strains from 19 LAB strains were selected for their anti-Listeria spp. activity: this screening was performed by the method of agar diffusion against three Listeria spp strains. Then, antimicrobial metabolites produced by the selected LAB strains were partially characterized by assessing the effect of various thermal and enzymatic treatments on the anti-Listeria spp. activity of their culture supernatants. A partial purification and identification of antimicrobial active peptides produced by the main strain of interest (Lactococcus lactis LAB3) was also performed. A composition of the polymer matrix has been selected by performing the phase diagram of sodium alginate/sodium caseinate system: 1.5% (w/w) sodium alginate / 4% (w/w) of caseinate sodium / 20% (w/w) MRS broth. This formulation provides a rich alginate continuous phase and a rich caseinate dispersed phase in which LAB cells localize according to the study by confocal microscopy. LAB cells were immobilized in liquid and gelled matrices of alginate and alginate/caseinate. Culturability and anti-Listeria activities were measured during a storage at 30°C for 12 days. The alginate/caseinate matrices were more effective in better maintaining LAB cells cultivability and their antimicrobial activity than alginate matrix. This effectiveness seemed correlated with cell viability and the dispersion-like structure of the protein-based system which enhance production and release of antimicrobial metabolites. Thus, this type of polymeric matrix appeared as a promising immobilization system of bioprotective LAB
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Submitted on : Monday, November 16, 2015 - 1:01:11 AM
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Lucie Léonard. Evaluation du potentiel bioprotecteur de bactéries lactiques confinées dans une matrice polymérique. Autre. Université de Bourgogne, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013DIJOS044⟩. ⟨tel-01228979⟩

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