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Caractérisation fonctionnelle de la sous-famille LARP6 chez Arabidopsis thaliana : mise en évidence du rôle de LARP6c dans le pollen

Abstract : In eucaryotes, RNA Binding Proteins (RBP) associate with transcripts to form dynamic Ribo-Nucleoprotein Particles (mRNP), whose localization and composition are determinant for mRNA maturation, export, stability and translation. LA motif proteins are RNA binding proteins, found in several hundred eucaryotic species, which fall in 5 sub-families: genuine LA, LARP1, 4, 6 and 7. Members of these subfamilies share conserved evolutionary history, additional motifs and functions. My thesis work contributed to deciphering the functional properties of the Arabidopsis thaliana LARP6 proteins. Currently, we know that in Manduca sexta and many vertebrates species LARP6 is implicated in the regulation of cellular differentiation. In humans, it acts as an RBP to coordinate the translation of mRNA coding for type I collagen subunits. Vascular plants differ in possessing many LARP6 proteins classified in three evolutionary groups. In A. thaliana, the unique member of each subfamily seems to be specialized. LARP6b and c proteins present mutually exclusive expression profiles, with LARP6c only present in pollen and LARP6b ubiquitously expressed except in the male gametophyte. We mostly focused our work on LARP6c and showed it to be cytoplasmic and implicated in controlling the level of mRNAs encoding vesicular transport actors in pollen tubes. Putative identified LARP6c mRNA baits also encode proteins involved in transport and share two motifs in their 5’-UTR that could allow their co-regulation via RBP binding. LARP6c deletion induces deficiencies in pollen tube guidance towards the ovule, suggesting a communication default. This is consistent with the deregulation of mRNA coding for extra-cellular signal secretion/reception actors. We propose that LARP6c acts as an mRNP protein in pollen and co-regulates translation and/or stability of mRNA coding for actors of communication pathways depending on secretion and endocytosis; hence acting on male/female exchanges.
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Elodie Billey. Caractérisation fonctionnelle de la sous-famille LARP6 chez Arabidopsis thaliana : mise en évidence du rôle de LARP6c dans le pollen. Biologie végétale. Université de Perpignan, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PERP0027⟩. ⟨tel-01228445⟩

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