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Recherches comparatives sur les doctrines pédagogiques, éthiques, politiques et philosophiques d'Isocrate et de Confucius : Aux origines des traditions humanistes occidentales et chinoises

Abstract : Both Isocrates and Confucius attached first importance to ethics education and then to harmony education. They required especially their disciples to attain self-improvement spiritually. In particular, the two greatmasters also put forward their unique teaching objectives respectively. Isocrates hoped to train perfect rhetoricians, let them grasp "doxa"--the philosophical method of meditation, to seek the truth, and use their moralorations to persuade and lead the audience to eventually devote the public to serving the Greek cause. Confucius hoped to cultivate an image of"gentleman", who was not only a perfect human moral standard, but also anobserver of etiquette, a follower of benevolence and the doctrine of the mean,and an explorer to follow the path to the harmony of human and the universe. The wisdom of Isocrates and Confucius greatly promoted the pace of progress of social peace and the happiness of the general public in their respective times. Isocrates introduced the concept of "Greek" (Hellenisation) for the entire Greek territory while Confucius advocated to restore rites andlaid the foundation for the traditional Chinese culture, Confucianism. But their influence today varies greatly: Isocrates has not been inherited and researched as much as Confucius. In a word, these two great sages have made remarkable contributions to human kind with Isocrates in rhetorics and Confucius in humanistic wisdom. They have all left us modern people humanistic spirit of enlightenment. They are worthy of being respected and inherited.
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Yize Chong. Recherches comparatives sur les doctrines pédagogiques, éthiques, politiques et philosophiques d'Isocrate et de Confucius : Aux origines des traditions humanistes occidentales et chinoises. Etudes classiques. Université de Limoges, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIMO0052⟩. ⟨tel-01225697⟩

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