Les Impacts des nuisances sonores aériennes : dépréciation immobilière et inégalité sociale? Cas des aéroports de Paris Charles-de-Gaulle,Paris-Orly, Paris-le-Bourget, Lyon Sain-Exupéry et Toulouse-Blagnac

Abstract : Over the past 30 years, there has been a significant increase in the air transportation demand and supply. While the fundamental importance of this mode of transport, for modern societies and economies, are generally recognized, it attracts increasing attention from the political class, because of the negative side effects to which it leads. Indeed, air transports cause also negative environmental externalities, in particular noise pollution, which should be evaluated in order to implement corrective policies (taxes, compensation, etc.).In this context, the depreciation of property values and the risk of social segregation caused by aircraft noise have a growing role in the discussions, which are among the major concerns with the health issues of local residents. For several years now, many studies have been conducted in these areas, abroad. Currently, however, studies are still rare in France.Therefore, this thesis aims to: a) analyze and measure the impact of airport platforms on property values and identify the influential variables (aircraft noise, distance to the airport, etc.), analyze possible social inequality in relation to exposure to aircraft noise, c) provide an operational and sustainable decision support tool by setting up an observatory.To address these objectives, a multidisciplinary methodology combining economic (hedonic price method) and geographic (GIS) expertise has been developed. The main originality of this thesis lies in its comparative approach on a national level, highlighting the specificities of the different territories studied. The territories studied cover all communes located in or close to the noise zones (noise exposure map “Plan d'Exposition au Bruit (PEB)”) of each airport concerned. The airports studied concern both Paris airports (Paris- CDG and Paris-Orly), as well as those of provinces (Lyon Saint-Exupery and Toulouse-Blagnac).
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Noëlvia Sedoarisoa. Les Impacts des nuisances sonores aériennes : dépréciation immobilière et inégalité sociale? Cas des aéroports de Paris Charles-de-Gaulle,Paris-Orly, Paris-le-Bourget, Lyon Sain-Exupéry et Toulouse-Blagnac. Géographie. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015CERG0747⟩. ⟨tel-01217511⟩

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