Le français à Lubumbashi : usages et représentations

Abstract : The town of Lubumbashi lives a complex situation characterized by the coexistence of numerous languages sharing the same linguistic market: the ethnic language with the identity vocation and with limited usage, national language with a vehicular function and the official French language spoken by a reduced number of city-dwellers. In the context of multilinguism, it is interesting to know the value of each language beside its speakers. In the field we observe an opposition between the speakers and non-French-speakers and French- speakers, and among the latter between educated speakers and speakers having learnt French “on the Job training”. In a context of “diglossy,” the languages generate the contrasted representations which interfere practically on their effective practice. Our research aims at describing at the same time the usages and the linguistic attitudes which are correlated with them. Therefore, we require diverse models, at the same time the model labovien adapted to the urban environment to evaluate quantitatively the degree of linguistic security/insecurity, and the one of variationism developing more quantitative analyses. Concerning the methodology of investigation, our sample population has been constituted from different variables or classificatory features. The technique of the questionnaire (opened and closed questions) has invited pupils to provide their practice and their linguistic representations. The conversations of the type semi-conducted are the dispositive that we use towards the investigations of adults in order to get their linguistic representations.
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Irène Ngoie Kyungu Kiboko. Le français à Lubumbashi : usages et représentations. Linguistique. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE2017⟩. ⟨tel-01213520⟩

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