Elaboration of magnetic micro/nano-tweezers for biotechnological applications

Abstract : The objective of this thesis was to elaborate magnetic micro/nano-tweezers remotely actuable by the application of a magnetic field. This innovative idea consists in binding two parallelepiped magnetic microparticles by one of their sides with a flexible gold nano-hinge. Intended for biotechnological and medical applications, these tweezers aim at capturing biochemically targeted micro/nano-objects, in order to exert forces on them and perform force measurements. In this project starting from a simple idea, the challenge was to carry out theoretical and technological studies leading to a first proof of concept. To this end, an analytical model was first elaborated to predict the magneto-elastic behavior of the tweezers, depending on various physical parameters. Then, a fabrication process inspired from microelectronic techniques was developed to complete a functional prototype of tweezers. Finally, the remote actuation of such tweezers, kept attached to a substrate, by the application of a magnetic field, was demonstrated using an original experiment set up inside a scanning electron microscope. These experiments yielded results in good agreement with our theoretical predictions and allowed the quantification of the gold nano-hinge elastic behavior. Attached to a substrate, these tweezers constitute an array of reflective micro-surfaces, which can find applications in microfluidics (biochips) or in nano-physics. Released in solution, the tweezers could be used in an original way for biological objects micro-manipulation or cell diagnostic and the
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Cécile Iss. Elaboration of magnetic micro/nano-tweezers for biotechnological applications. Physics [physics]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAY018⟩. ⟨tel-01212473⟩

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