Nouveaux procédés catalytiques pour le recyclage de déchets ligno-cellulosiques, de polymères et de dérivés du CO₂

Elias Feghali 1
1 LCMCE - Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire et de Catalyse pour l'Energie (ex LCCEF)
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : The objective of this thesis was the development of new innovative synthetic methods for recycling waste carbon compounds or renewable raw materials to improve the sustainability of the industrial chemical sector and reduce its dependence on fossil resources. In this context, the work has been performed following three main areas of research intended for the development of new catalytic processes for the valorization of oxalic acid, derived from CO2, waste polymer materials and biomass. To achieve these objectives, a strategy based on the reductive cleavage of C–O bonds using the hydrosilylation reactions catalyzed by B(C6F5)3 was selected. First, this strategy resulted in the generation of a wide range of products with different degrees of oxidation, from oxalic acid, ranging from trisilylated glyoxylic acid to ethane. Afterwards, the system B(C6F5)3-hydrosilane allowed the selective depolymerization of waste plastics (such as PLA, PET, PC-BPA) as well as bio-based polyesters such as tannic acid and suberin, to a variety of molecules including alcohols, phenols and alkanes. Finally, it has been shown that B(C6F5)3 is an efficient and selective hydrosilylation catalyst for the reductive cleavage of α-O-4 and β-O-4 models, the main linkages in lignin. This reaction was successfully transposed to lignin derived from wood and a new process for obtaining pure aromatic products from lignin has been developed.
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Elias Feghali. Nouveaux procédés catalytiques pour le recyclage de déchets ligno-cellulosiques, de polymères et de dérivés du CO₂. Chimie organique. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112173⟩. ⟨tel-01212472⟩

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