Réseaux dynamiques de terrain : caractérisation et propriétés de diffusion en milieu hospitalier

Lucie Martinet 1, 2
2 DANTE - Dynamic Networks : Temporal and Structural Capture Approach
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIP - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme, IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes
Abstract : In this thesis, we focus on tools whose aim is to extract structural and temporal properties of dynamic networks as well as diffusion characteristics which can occur on these networks. We work on specific data, from the European MOSAR project, including the network of individuals proximity from time to time during 6 months at the Brek-sur-Mer Hospital. The studied network is notable because of its three dimensions constitution : the structural one induced by the distribution of individuals into distinct services, the functional dimension due to the partition of individual into groups of socio-professional categories and the temporal dimension.For each dimension, we used tools well known from the areas of statistical physics as well as graphs theory in order to extract information which enable to describe the network properties. These methods underline the specific structure of the contacts distribution which follows the individuals distribution into services. We also highlight strong links within specific socio-professional categories. Regarding the temporal part, we extract circadian and weekly patterns and quantify the similarities of these activities. We also notice distinct behaviour within patients and staff evolution. In addition, we present tools to compare the network activity within two given periods. To finish, we use simulations techniques to extract diffusion properties of the network to find some clues in order to establish a prevention policy.
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Lucie Martinet. Réseaux dynamiques de terrain : caractérisation et propriétés de diffusion en milieu hospitalier. Autre [cs.OH]. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENSL1010⟩. ⟨tel-01208023⟩

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