Second-order prediction and residue vector quantization for video compression

Bihong Huang 1
1 Sirocco - Analysis representation, compression and communication of visual data
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : Video compression has become a mandatory step in a wide range of digital video applications. Since the development of the block-based hybrid coding approach in the H.261/MPEG-2 standard, new coding standard was ratified every ten years and each new standard achieved approximately 50% bit rate reduction compared to its predecessor without sacrificing the picture quality. However, due to the ever-increasing bit rate required for the transmission of HD and Beyond-HD formats within a limited bandwidth, there is always a requirement to develop new video compression technologies which provide higher coding efficiency than the current HEVC video coding standard. In this thesis, we proposed three approaches to improve the intra coding efficiency of the HEVC standard by exploiting the correlation of intra prediction residue. A first approach based on the use of previously decoded residue shows that even though gains are theoretically possible, the extra cost of signaling could negate the benefit of residual prediction. A second approach based on Mode Dependent Vector Quantization (MDVQ) prior to the conventional transformed scalar quantization step provides significant coding gains. We show that this approach is realistic because the dictionaries are independent of QP and of a reasonable size. Finally, a third approach is developed to modify dictionaries gradually to adapt to the intra prediction residue. A substantial gain is provided by the adaptivity, especially when the video content is atypical, without increasing the decoding complexity. In the end we get a compromise of complexity and gain for a submission in standardization.
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Bihong Huang. Second-order prediction and residue vector quantization for video compression. Other [cs.OH]. Université Rennes 1, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015REN1S026⟩. ⟨tel-01206572⟩

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