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Lieux de rumeurs, lieux de co-mémorations. Vers la reconstruction d'un passé. Le cas d'AZF.

Abstract : Places of rumors, places of commemorations. Towards the reconstruction of a past: the AZF case. In a psychosocial perspective, the aim of this research is to capture the dynamic aspect of inter and intragroup rumor and its role in the reconstruction of collective memories in specific spatiotemporal contexts. Based on a monographic study relative to the explosion of the AZF factory that occurred September 21th, 2001, in Toulouse, our PhD work aims to explain what is at stake for the groups involved, and why would they adopt and perpetuate or not a « version » of the story or another. Taking into account space as a social framework of memory, we will focus on the spatial inscription of the rumor, particularly through commemorative practices, considered as a way to re-appropriate places destroyed by the catastrophe. Our research belongs to the field of social thought, which question common sense knowledge and ways of thinking in specific contexts, depending on individuals’ social insertion. In this perspective, we adopt a « ternary » interpretation of facts, inherent to social psychology, to investigate rumor in a comprehensive approach. To fulfill this goal, we applied methodological triangulation in our research (semi-structured interviews, observations, press analyses and questionnaires), in order to seize the dynamic of rumor in its different temporalities, through several groups more or less involved. The analysis of all results confirm the existence of a rumor phenomenon in Toulouse over 10 years after the disaster and related to the origins of the explosion, in the different investigated places and groups. The level of implication and the level of negative emotions felt after the event are salient factors to explain both the adhesion to a rumor and its persistence. However, our results highlight variations in the message content for different groups depending on their social insertion and position as well as the bond that relationship that bonded them to the AZF factory. Our research affirm that the rumor process and functions are not simply animated by a cognitive mechanisms of though but rather motivated by identity and memory issues, depending on the group’s present interest. The persistence of rumor in specific times and places demonstrate its role in the transmission of a collective memory, in a gratifying way for the involved groups.
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Contributor : Amélie Demoures <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2015 - 12:39:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 11:54:50 AM
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Amélie Demoures. Lieux de rumeurs, lieux de co-mémorations. Vers la reconstruction d'un passé. Le cas d'AZF.. Psychologie. Université Lumière Lyon 2, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01204650⟩

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