Importance des glycoconjugués périphériques dans la différenciation myogénique : Rôle particulier de l'Ω (2,6) sialylation

Abstract : Skeletal muscle development is a complex process highly regulated and which includes proliferation then differentiation of progenitor cells or myoblasts into multi-nucleated myotubes. Glycosylation is the main post-translational modification of proteins. Its role in various biological and pathological processes is well documented, but the precise mechanisms of its involvement during myogenesis are still poorly understood.We have used the C2C12 myoblast as a model cell line since it is able to mimic in vitro the steps of muscle cell proliferation and differentiation. Using different lectins we showed a change in the peripheral α2-6 sialylation of the cell surface glycoconjugates, during C2C12 differentiation. Besides, we also analyzed by mass spectrometry the N-glycans carried by glycoproteins and measured the expression levels of α2-6 sialyl-transferases and neuraminidases genes. All the results confirm that C2C12 differentiation is accompanied by a decrease of glycoconjugates sialylation. To highlight the involvement of α2-6 sialylation in myogenesis, we performed a functional study of C2C12 cells knockdown for St6gal1 by a specific shRNA. The generated clones exhibit a higher fusion index and generate more elongated myotubes. This phenotype probably results from an increased commitment of reserve cell in differentiation. Indeed, the clones knockdown for St6gal1 contain a lower proportion of Pax7+ cells, i.e. of reserve cells maintained in a quiescent state. Thus, our results show the significant involvement of the peripheral α2-6 sialylation during myogenic differentiation.
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Amel Bouchatal. Importance des glycoconjugués périphériques dans la différenciation myogénique : Rôle particulier de l'Ω (2,6) sialylation. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0016⟩. ⟨tel-01203347⟩

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